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Historic Documents on the Black Struggle



In this section of our web site we will repost a variety of documents produced by Revolutionary Regroupment's political predecessors, concentrating on the post-WW 2 period of the Trotskyist movement. While we seek to continue the work and build on the contributions of those who came before us, we do not dogmatically defend past mistakes that may inevitably have been committed. Therefore our posting these documents reflects broad agreement, not an uncritical adherence to every secondary argument and formulation. For a fuller documentation see the Marxists Internet Archive ( and material published on the web site of the International Bolshevik Tendency ( before our break with them on 9/25/08.



  • Black History



Added 2/28/11; Scottsboro by James P. Cannon. First Printed in The Militant April 9, 1932


Added 2/23/10; On Federal Troops in Little Rock  by Richard Fraser, 10 October 1957.


Added 2/8/09: Malcolm X [Obituary] First Printed in Spartacist #4, May-June 1965.


Added 2/8/09; The 'X' That Won't Go Away First printed as 1917 West #3, December 1992.


Added 2/6/11; Beware Murderes That Weep  Spartacist leaflet dated 6 April 1968. Reprinted in Young Spartacus #54 May 1977.


Added 2/28/11; Rise and Fall of the Panthers First printed in Workers Vanguard #4, January 1972.


Added 2/23/12; Ten Years After Assassination: BOURGEOISIE CELEBRATES KINGS LIBERAL PACIFISM First printed in Workers Vanguard #207, 26 May 1978]


Added 2/8/09: Jesse Jackson: Judas Goat for the Bourgeoisie; Democrats, Dixiecrats and Rainbows First printed in 1917 #5, Winter 1988-89.


Added 2/23/10; LA: Days of Rage  Supplement to 1917, May 1992



  • Black Oppression & Marxist Analysis


Added 2/27/13; America and the Negro question  by John Reed  Speech at 2nd Congress of Comintern, July 25 1920.


Added 2/27/13; The Black Question document of the Fourth Congress of the Communist International, 30 November 1922


Added 2/28/14; When Anti-Negro Prejudice Began by George Breitman. First printed in Fourth International, Spring 1954


Added 2/8/09: The Russian Revolution & the American Negro Movement by James P. Cannon. First printed in International Socialist Review, Summer 1959.


Added 2/23/10; Race — Social or Biological?  by David Dreiser, a supporter of the Kirk-Kaye tendency within the SWP. First printed in International Socialist Review, Vol.21 No. 1, Winter 1960,.


Added 2/6/11; For Black Trotskyism by James Robertson and Shirley Stoute  3 July 1963. First printed in SWP Discussion Bulletin, Vol. 24, No. 30, republished in Marxist Bulletin No. 5.


Added 2/23/12; Black Power–Class Power: Once Again On Black Power by Geoof White. Reprinted from Spartacist West, Vol. 1, No. 8, 30 September 1966.


Added 2/28/14; BLACK AND RED—Class Struggle Road to Negro Freedom. First published in Spartacist, Special Supplement, May-June 1967


Added 2/8/09: Racial Oppression & Working Class Politics Revolutionary Marxist Caucus position paper presented at the December 1969 PL-SDS Conference.


Added 2/8/09: Black Liberation & the Class Struggle First printed in 1917 #8, Summer 1990.





Richard Fraser's Writings